FTP Instructions for PCs.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
is the protocol used in communication with an FTP Server.
Similar to HTTP which is the protocol used in browsing
the Word Wide Web. There are a number of Shareware programs
on the Internet available to the public that will allow
a person to access FTP servers. Many, including,
WS_FTP (used for example below) and Cute
are available for download (key
word: FTP) at tucows.com
a Macromedia product that will not only FTP, but also
help you design web pages without the need to know HTML.
Other similar products include MS Front Page and Adobe
Page Mill. You can find these programs in software stores,
but they are rather pricey.
you own a MAC, try this FTP help.
Why Do I Need FTP Software?
- Sometimes referred to as an FTP client, the FTP program
is useful for transferring binary files and uploading
text and graphics to your Web Site.
- Can I use my browser to FTP?
- While it is possible with most browsers to FTP to
a site, it is generally only possible to download files
from a site. Most browsers only allow entry to anonymous
- How do I use FTP Software?
- Most FTP software will require the user input a few
basic values to be able to access a site.
- Host Name - This is the address of the site.
Sometimes this will be in the form of numbers such as
201.345.111.987 This set of numbers is called an IP
Address. Sometimes it will be written as name "ftp.demon.com.us"
or "ftp.microsoft.com". When you receive confirmation
that your domain name is live, you will be able to use
it, in the form of ftp.yourdomainname.com instead
of your I.P. address. These addresses tell the FTP program
where to link.
FTP hostname for CedarNet = ftp.cedarnet.org
- User ID - This is generally the name of the
person. Your User ID was selected when you subscribed
for hosting services.
call the office if you are unsure
of your user ID
- Password - Your Password is required when logging
on to your site. Or to a site that you have been given
special access to. Generally a password is not necessary
if you are logging on to a public site. In that case
you would use your email address as your password and
the word anonymous as your User ID.
call the office if you are unsureof
your password (it
will not be the same as your email password)
- The following Screen Capture gives an example of the
locations where you will enter 1.
Host Name, 2. User I.D., and 3. Password.
(Image capture from ©WS_FTP
Limited Edition used with permission.)
- Once you have entered the correct information and
have connected to your site you will be able to upload
and download files to your domain area. You will see
a few different directories created for you on your
site when you first log on. With most FTP programs,
you will see a window split into two sections. The left
section will show files and directories on your home
computer and the right section will show the files and
directories on the remote computer you are ftp-ing into.
- To transfer a file from your home computer to the
remote computer, you need to tell the FTP program to
go to the directory on your home computer where your
web page files are saved. This is usually a point and
click process. You then need to make sure the FTP program
is set to upload into the corrrect directory on the
remote computer. This is also a point and click process.
Once you see the correct files in the FTP window on
the left side of the FTP screen, you can double click
on them and they will automatically be transfered to
the visible directory on the remote computer.
- Images that can be seen by browsers must be in GIF
or JPEG format. Both of these formats use compression
to make the images smaller and load faster. Sometimes,
to keep your site directories more organized you may
wish to create subdirectories for specific types of
files like images or Java or Shockwave. To create a
link to an image file in a subdirectory called images,
create a link like this:
This tells your browser to load the image "yourimage.gif"
from the images directory. It is preferable that
you create all directories in lower case as well as
naming all of your files in lower case.
Important! Once you have connected to your domain
you will want to upload both Text and Images to your
web page. Make sure that you have the AUTO check box
turned on when uploading files to your site. This button
is next to the two small ASCII and Binary radio buttons
below the file requestors on the main screen. This tells
WS FTP to automatically determine whether the files
being uploaded are binary or ascii based. All text files
are ascii and all image files will be binary.